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Lay Kelly Staking Plan

The Kelly criterion was developed by John Larry Kelly Jr. in 1956. It implies betting a predetermined fraction of the current bank, taking into account the gambler’s perceived probability of an outcome occurring and the available odds for that outcome.

The formula used to calculate the fraction for a lay bet is:

f = (q – p × (d – 1)) / (d-1)

where:

  • f = fraction of the current bank to wager.
  • d = decimal betting odds.
  • p = perceived probability of selection winning.
  • q = perceived probability of selection losing, which is 1 – p.

If the commission fee of the bookmaker is taken into account, then the fraction formula becomes:

f = (q × (1 – c) – p × (d – 1)) / ((d – 1) × (1 – c))

where:

  • f = fraction of the current bank to wager.
  • d = decimal betting odds.
  • c = commission fee decimal value.
  • p = perceived probability of selection winning.
  • q = perceived probability of selection losing, which is 1 – p.

Settings

The following parameters can be configured in this staking plan:

FlashRace - Lay Kelly staking plan settings
Lay Kelly staking plan settings
  • Perceived probability of winning for qualified selections: the perceived probability of winning for each qualified selection, expressed in percent.
  • Percent of factor to bet: the percent of fraction value to bet.
  • Use factor as liability: if this option is checked, then the fraction value is used to calculate the liability of the bet. If the option is not checked, then the fraction value is used to determine the stake.

The total stake value is calculated as follows:

2.1. Use factor as liability: not checked

stake = f × (fp / 100) × currentBank

where:

  • stake = total stake to place for a race.
  • f = fraction value.
  • fp = percent of factor to bet.
  • currentBank = current account balance.

The fraction value must satisfy the following restriction in order to place the bet:

0 ≤ f ≤ 1 / (d – 1)

where:

  • d = decimal betting odds.

This constraint prevents losing an amount which is greater than the current bank.

2.2. Use factor as liability: checked

stake = (f × (fp / 100) × currentBank) / (d – 1)

where:

  • stake = total stake to place for a race.
  • f = fraction value.
  • fp = percent of factor to bet.
  • currentBank = current account balance.
  • d = decimal betting odds.

The fraction value must satisfy the following restriction in order to place the bet:

0 ≤ f ≤ 1

Lay Kelly Staking Plan Example

Let’s assume the following settings:

  • Initial bank: £200
  • Perceived probability of winning for qualified selections: 40%
  • Percent of factor to bet: 50%
  • Use factor as liability: checked
  • Commission fee not included

Step 1

  • 1 selection qualifies at decimal odds of 5
  • fraction is -0.25
  • bet is not placed

Step 2

  • 1 selection qualifies at decimal odds of 2
  • fraction is 0.2
  • total stake is £20
  • bet losses and the loss is £20
  • current bank is £180

Step 3

  • 1 selection qualifies at decimal odds of 1.8
  • fraction is 0.35
  • total stake is £39.38
  • bet wins and the profit is £39.38
  • current bank is £219.38

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